How are shadows formed
How are shadows formed
Three years ago we began to receive letters with the question: how are shadows formed. Both from teachers at school, and for students preparing for a competition. We answered in detail everyone, except those who asked how is shadow formed at home. Because we are professionals in part of the stage performing. And then we decided to write a full detailed article about shadow movie.
How are shadows formed? It’s very simple!! You need: screen, light, props and actors (preferably with basic physical level). Now details. We’ll share our experiences on how to make shadow theatre on the stage.
Screen and light
The easiest way it’s to use a white sheet and a torch of a mobile phone. When we started we even didn’t have a frame of truss for the screen. We stretched the fabric with two wooden beams on tripods and tied them to the supports. Later we buy a frame of 5m × 3m. It was designed specially for screen sizes.
Then we replaced sheet on a white banner, so that there was no light point in the middle. Also you can use a medium density tarpaulin.
But be careful, increasing the density of the fabric, you need to increase the power of light. Read more about it below.
Now we use a screen of rare projection, its cost much higher than the above options.
About the light. Which light to use best? A rather powerful light source is a spotlight. But be sure to check whether it hasn’t a double or blurred shadow. One more minus is only one color of the spotlight. If you want to revive the shadow and add colors – it’s definitely a projector.
You can use additional pictures on the background or animation. But again, be prepared that good professional animation is expensive.
Of course, it all depends on the set topic of performance. Try to use a minimum of props, but more human bodies and authoring solutions. In order to safe your backstage from a lot of “rubbish”. You can use both cardboard and things from everyday life. Now we also use plastic for individual parts. But for a one-time performance cardboard is a great solution.
Of course, any person can try himself in the shadow theatre and how to make shadow. But, it’s no secret that the dancer or acrobat will look more professional in the shadow. By the way, it’s a myth that if you’re behind the screen, you can hide something. You are really like the palm of your hand.
Plus physical training is needed in order to be stable in the figure. Not to mention acrobatic or dance elemetns. We basically work in genre of shadow theatre. And know all about how to make shadows with humans bodies. Therefore, we pay a lot of attention to it. It is also necessary to develop actor’s skills. But remember, creating shadow show without the ability to express emotion with help of body – it is impossible. Therefore, we advise you to plunge a bit into the basics of the plastic theater and pantomime.
And in general, important is your creativity and fantasy. Of course, you can copy any shadow shapes from Verba shadow’s video. But to invent it is always more interesting and fun.
Therefore, give freedom for your Shadow! Create together!
We hope that we have answered the main question, namely, how is shadow formed.